Museo Costantiniano della Steccata
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Brun066
Oleh Brun066
The shirt worn by King Louis XVI of France at the guillotine is in this museum!
Okt 2018
The Bourbons, an ancient French family, ascended the throne of France in 1594, during the eighteenth century - following a series of wars and treaties - is found to reign with its various branches in three other European states: the Kingdom of Spain (1700), where it still reigns; the Kingdom of Naples (1734); and, indeed, the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza (1731), until then ruled by the Farnese family. As for other news, which I didn't know, useful to understand this attraction: the following is what I got from the guided tour of the Museum (the Museum is visited only with accompaniment) and from subsequent readings I have done. The branch of the Parma Bourbons inherited in 1731 from the Farnese family also the patronage on the so-called "Constantinian Order of St. George", to which this museum is dedicated. This is a chivalric order of medieval origin (such as the Templars, the Teutonic Knights, etc.) which - as the name shows - attributes its foundation at such a remote age as that of the Roman emperor Constantine, in 312 AD. Obviously there is no historical evidence of this foundation: the first preserved documents relating to this Order are from the beginning of the 16th century. Since the beginning of the 18th century the patronage of the Farnese family is documented, together with the "Steccata" basilica in Parma as the seat of the Order. Over time, this basilica - and in particular the Museum - is characterized as a place to preserve the memories of the Bourbon family in all its branches: this explains the shirt of Louis XVI of France, here and not in Paris! But in the Museum there is much more: the impressive underground chambers, with the niches of many family members both Farnese and Bourbon, a sort of "Saint Denis" or "Canterbury" in Parma; a sumptuously decorated sacristy with wood furnishings made by the Lombard sculptor G. B. Mascheroni (1665); precious exhibitions of sacred items, other historical relics of ruling families. The visit is declared half-hour duration; but if you have time, know that the passion of the person who guides you can lead you to spend even more than an hour and a half (the visit also includes the Basilica). In conclusion, we can start from the presence of the shirt of Louis XVI (still in some point stained by the blood of the 1793 execution) to better understand not just this Museum, but also the role of the Bourbon family in the life of Parma, and therefore also the city of Parma as a whole.

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4.5
9 ulasan
Luar biasa
5
Sangat bagus
2
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2
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0
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0

Brun066
Florence, Italia11.332 kontribusi
Okt 2018 • Pasangan
The Bourbons, an ancient French family, ascended the throne of France in 1594, during the eighteenth century - following a series of wars and treaties - is found to reign with its various branches in three other European states: the Kingdom of Spain (1700), where it still reigns; the Kingdom of Naples (1734); and, indeed, the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza (1731), until then ruled by the Farnese family.
As for other news, which I didn't know, useful to understand this attraction: the following is what I got from the guided tour of the Museum (the Museum is visited only with accompaniment) and from subsequent readings I have done.
The branch of the Parma Bourbons inherited in 1731 from the Farnese family also the patronage on the so-called "Constantinian Order of St. George", to which this museum is dedicated.
This is a chivalric order of medieval origin (such as the Templars, the Teutonic Knights, etc.) which - as the name shows - attributes its foundation at such a remote age as that of the Roman emperor Constantine, in 312 AD.
Obviously there is no historical evidence of this foundation: the first preserved documents relating to this Order are from the beginning of the 16th century. Since the beginning of the 18th century the patronage of the Farnese family is documented, together with the "Steccata" basilica in Parma as the seat of the Order.
Over time, this basilica - and in particular the Museum - is characterized as a place to preserve the memories of the Bourbon family in all its branches: this explains the shirt of Louis XVI of France, here and not in Paris!
But in the Museum there is much more: the impressive underground chambers, with the niches of many family members both Farnese and Bourbon, a sort of "Saint Denis" or "Canterbury" in Parma; a sumptuously decorated sacristy with wood furnishings made by the Lombard sculptor G. B. Mascheroni (1665); precious exhibitions of sacred items, other historical relics of ruling families.
The visit is declared half-hour duration; but if you have time, know that the passion of the person who guides you can lead you to spend even more than an hour and a half (the visit also includes the Basilica).
In conclusion, we can start from the presence of the shirt of Louis XVI (still in some point stained by the blood of the 1793 execution) to better understand not just this Museum, but also the role of the Bourbon family in the life of Parma, and therefore also the city of Parma as a whole.
Ditulis pada 25 Oktober 2018
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Museo Costantiniano della Steccata (Parma, Italia) - Review - Tripadvisor

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